Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the




Download 140.63 Kb.
TitleSurveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the
Page1/3
Date conversion29.04.2013
Size140.63 Kb.
TypeDocuments
Sourcehttp://sls-murakami.wikispaces.com/file/view/1quiz.rtf
  1   2   3


Name: __________________________ Date: _____________



1.

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the importance of:

A)

random sampling.

B)

wording effects.

C)

hindsight bias.

D)

the false consensus effect.

E)

naturalistic observation.




2.

Overconfidence is best described as:

A)

a placebo.

B)

critical thinking.

C)

an illusory correlation.

D)

intellectual conceit.




3.

The most foolproof way of testing the true effectiveness of a newly introduced method of psychological therapy is by means of:

A)

survey research.

B)

case study research.

C)

naturalistic observation.

D)

correlational research.

E)

experimental research.




4.

Professor Delano suggests that because people are especially attracted to those who are good-looking, handsome men will be more successful than average-looking men in securing employment. The professor's prediction regarding employment success exemplifies:

A)

the hindsight bias.

B)

the false consensus effect.

C)

an hypothesis.

D)

illusory correlation.




5.

Greenwald and colleagues observed that students who listened to subliminal tapes designed to improve self-esteem subsequently demonstrated ________ in their self-esteem test scores.

A)

dramatic improvement

B)

moderate improvement

C)

no improvement

D)

dramatic deterioration




6.

In order to understand the unusual behavior of an adult client, a clinical psychologist has carefully investigated the client's current life situation and his physical, social, and educational history. Which research method has the psychologist employed?

A)

the survey

B)

the case study

C)

experimentation

D)

naturalistic observation




7.

After noting that a majority of professional basketball players are African-American, Ervin concluded that African-Americans are better athletes than members of other racial groups. Ervin's conclusion best illustrates the danger of:

A)

replication.

B)

the hindsight bias.

C)

the false consensus effect.

D)

generalizing from vivid cases.




8.

To minimize the extent to which outcome differences between experimental and control conditions can be attributed to placebo effects, researchers make use of:

A)

random sampling.

B)

the double-blind procedure.

C)

random assignment.

D)

operational definitions.

E)

replication.




9.

In order to learn about the TV viewing habits of all the children attending Oakbridge School, Professor DeVries randomly selected and interviewed 50 of the school's students. In this instance, all the children attending the school are considered to be a(n):

A)

population.

B)

representative sample.

C)

case study.

D)

independent variable.

E)

control condition.




10.

Differences between two sample averages are most likely to be statistically significant if:

A)

the samples are large.

B)

the standard deviations of the samples are large.

C)

both samples are drawn from the same population.

D)

the sample means are larger than the sample medians.




11.

Which of the following is a statistical measure of both the direction and the strength of a relationship between two variables?

A)

correlation coefficient

B)

standard deviation

C)

range

D)

mean




12.

In which type of research is a representative random sample of people asked to answer questions about their behaviors or opinions?

A)

experimentation

B)

the survey

C)

the case study

D)

naturalistic observation




13.

In a psychological experiment, the factor that may be influenced by the manipulated experimental treatment is called the ________ variable.

A)

dependent

B)

experimental

C)

control

D)

independent




14.

The mean of a distribution of scores is the:

A)

most frequently occurring score.

B)

arithmetic average of all the scores.

C)

least frequently occurring score.

D)

score exceeded by 50 percent of all the scores.




15.

Participants in an experiment are said to be “blind” if they are uninformed about:

A)

what experimental hypothesis is being tested.

B)

whether the experimental findings will be statistically significant.

C)

how the dependent variable is measured.

D)

which experimental treatment, if any, they are receiving.




16.

Central tendency is to variation as ________ is to ________.

A)

scatterplot; correlation

B)

range; normal curve

C)

mean; standard deviation

D)

median; mode




17.

Illusory correlation refers to:

A)

the perception of a relationship between two variables that does not actually exist.

B)

a correlation that exceeds the value of +1.00.

C)

a cluster of points on a scatterplot that suggests a correlation between two variables.

D)

a correlation that is not statistically significant.




18.

An inert substance that may be administered instead of a drug to see if it produces any of the same effects as the drug is called a:

A)

placebo.

B)

median.

C)

case study.

D)

replication.
  1   2   3

Add document to your blog or website

Similar:

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconCivil service people survey – dcms benchmarking results 2011

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconHealthy Youth Survey 2010 Survey Results Nathan Hale High School (Seattle Public Schools)

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconA report on State Approved Teacher Preparation Programs with Results of Surveys of 2007-2008 Program Completers

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconCriminal Friends of Entertainment: Analysing Results from Recent Peer-to-Peer Surveys

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconThesis for your paper, as well as illustrate how you will make your argument and support your assertions

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconThesis for your paper, as well as illustrate how you will make your argument and support your assertions

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconThesis for your paper, as well as illustrate how you will make your argument and support your assertions

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconWant to know what people think about your program? Ask them! How to Conduct Effective Focus Groups and Surveys

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the icon5. survey data a general comments a. 1 Introduction
«victims» of crime. A rather different approach underlies surveys of self-reported delinquency, where the respondents mostly juveniles...

Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the iconResults of the Behaviour and Attitudes (B&A) Survey on

Place this button on your site:
Documents


The database is protected by copyright ©predoc.org 2014
send message
Documents
Main page